United States Patent is essentially a "grant of rights" for a restricted period. In layman's terms, it is a contract in which the United States government expressly permits an person or organization to monopolize a specific concept for a restricted time.

Typically, our government frowns upon any variety of monopolization in commerce, due to the belief that monopolization hinders totally free trade and competitors, degrading our economy. A great illustration is the forced break-up of Bell Phone some years in the past into the numerous regional phone businesses. The government, in particular...